Women and men. We need Zinc!
Zinc – it is one of the microelements that ensures the full functioning of the body. Zinc is involved in many vital processes, which we will look at in the article below..
Zinc functions in the body.
The role of zinc for the normal functioning of the body is much broader than it was thought 50 years ago. Today, using radionuclide research methods, it is found in micro- and even nanoscale amounts in hormone molecules, cell walls and organelles. With the help of zinc, a number of enzymes are activated, metabolism is carried out, and even the process of excitation of neurons.
The main, scientifically proven functions of this metal include the following:
zinc plays an important role in the maturation of sperm and eggs zinc takes part in the activation and metabolism of vitamin E (tocopherol) zinc prevents the development of inflammatory and tumor processes in the prostate without zinc hormone synthesis is impossible – insulin – pancreatic hormone, somatostatin, or «growth hormone», as well as testosterone zinc softens the negative effect of alcohol on the cells of the brain and liver, as it is part of the enzyme that breaks down ethyl alcohol – alcohol dehydrogenase.
! It is important to note the detoxifying function of zinc. He, along with blood proteins – albumin, forms an active molecule that can firmly bind foreign proteins that poison the body and bring them out.
Zinc deficiency symptoms.
Zinc deficiency negatively affects the work of almost all human organs. A long-term shortage of this metal causes serious disturbances in various organ systems. What happens in the human body with a lack of zinc?
First of all, the nervous system suffers. A person becomes irritable, sleep is disturbed, the so-called lability (variability) of mood occurs – when every half hour of excessive empathy and love for others abruptly turns
into a desire to close in a room and not see anyone, and vice versa. Perceptual organs suffer, visual acuity and smell are gradually lost.
Distortions of taste are especially pronounced, and even taste perversions are possible with prolonged zinc deficiency. So, the reason people have a desire to eat chalk, and sometimes even licking walls can be not only a lack of calcium, but also zinc. Due to zinc deficiency in the body, toxins accumulate slowly, in direct proportion to a decrease in the amount of trace element reserves.
Because of this, fatigue and subfebrile (37-37.4°C) temperature at night. Symptoms of diabetes mellitus of the second and then the first type appear. A person drinks a lot of water, constantly feels hungry, and the daily urine output (urination) exceeds 2 liters. In addition to inhibiting the production of insulin, the synthesis of other hormones is affected, primarily «male». As a result, men and women who, by the way, also have enough testosterone, may experience conditions similar to depression.
Lack of zinc during puberty (puberty) leads to a slowdown in growth and development of secondary sexual characteristics – male and female body hair, voice changes, breast growth and others. Allergic diseases begin. In this case, reactions can occur to familiar substances that have surrounded a person for years. If suddenly a pet, cat or dog, or rather – their wool becomes the strongest allergen, it is worthwhile to get tested immediately.
With a lack of zinc, a changed skin color is striking, which acquires a grayish tint. In addition, hair loss increases, up to the onset of clinical alopecia. – baldness.
! Zinc plays an important role in the body’s fight against viral infections, especially – the herpes virus. Zinc also helps to get rid of helminths and other parasites, in particular, it is part of many antimalarial agents. The role of zinc deficiency in the occurrence of atherosclerosis, liver cirrhosis and sexual dysfunctions of varying degrees has been proven..
The Role of Zinc in Men’s Health.
The famous magazine Men’s Health awarded zinc with the title «essential micronutrient for male sexual health». It has been proven that zinc, along with vitamin E, plays a role not only in the development of germ cells, but also in the occurrence of an erection..
The main role of zinc for the stronger sex is determined by the relationship between this trace element and the level «male» hormone – testosterone. Testosterone deficiency, negative effect of high glucose levels on the blood vessels of the penis, microplaque formation – all this is the result of a lack of zinc.
Psychological complexes are added to erectile dysfunction, and thus often adults who are successful men in everything turn into notorious boys. At the same time, some are also trying to look for a solution to the problem in alcohol, which further exacerbates the situation. After all, then all zinc reserves are spent on protecting the brain and liver from the harmful effects of alcohol..
The issue of zinc is especially relevant for men aged 40+. It is the fourth decade that is the threshold, after passing which the body begins to lose more than to assimilate and accumulate, both zinc and other trace elements. Therefore, in order to maintain their normal balance, it is important not only to eat right and maintain a healthy lifestyle, but also from time to time «replenish» stocks that dietary supplements do great.
The Role of Zinc in Women’s Health.
As with men, women experience an acute zinc deficiency with age. The peak point of this period falls on the time of the climacteric restructuring of the body. Clinical studies show that zinc supplementation in the normal daily intake facilitates the transition period..
Zinc weakens such unpleasant manifestations of menopause as:
hot flashes mood changes weight gain skin problems excessive hair loss tantrums.
A 10-week course of Zinc helps in most cases to completely get rid of the clinical symptoms of menopause. After menopause, the need for zinc in women increases. This is due to a greater, in comparison with men, tendency to diseases of the musculoskeletal system.
It has already been proven that taking calcium and zinc (not at the same time, but for example, in the morning – zinc, in the evening – calcium) is a means of preventing osteoporosis in women.
It is also important for young men and women to get enough zinc to prevent age-related acne..
What foods contain zinc?
Many foods are rich in zinc. But the fact is that, of any zinc ingested with food, only about 20% will be absorbed, at best – thirty%.
Zinc is found in fairly large quantities in foods such as:
seafood meat sunflower and pumpkin seeds sprouted wheat cocoa eggs walnuts oysters – they hold the record and contain 200-500 mg of zinc per 100 grams, depending on growing conditions.
A nutrient tracker helps you find the zinc you need.
If you want to quickly and easily find out the top zinc products, or want to know the entire composition of your meal, then try the PREPRO mobile app .
In addition to making meal plans and checking which vitamins and minerals are missing in your diet, there is a wonderful feature that looks for anything among foods and supplements that, for example, contains zinc..
You can get acquainted with the application on the website.
Beneficial zinc compounds.
There are many zinc salts, each of which has a different bioavailability, that is, a different percentage of absorption and ingestion of zinc in the right place (for example, into the skin) in the body. In addition, some salts have a number of minor side impurities, as a rule, they are cheaper than others..
There are many zinc compounds used as dietary supplements. The following are best learned:
zinc picolinate (61%) zinc citrate (61%) zinc acetate (60.9%) zinc glycerate (60.9%) zinc monomethionine (58%)
Zinc oxide and sulphide (48%) are the worst absorbed. The percentage of digestibility of each salt is indicated on average, since everything individually depends on the need for zinc of each individual organism, on the state of the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract. In addition, the percentage of absorption of zinc salts correlates with the use of the metal in combination with or without other additives..
Some salts are also beneficial, but have a number of occasional side effects such as stomach and intestinal irritation, nausea and vomiting, namely – zinc oxide and sulfide.